Retina is a light – Sensitive tissue lining the inner surface of the eye.


Diabetic retinopathy Diagnosis and management:
- Diabetic retinopathy is a silent vision killer.
- Screening for diabetic retinopathy is important for individual having diabetic for five years or more duration.
- Diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy needs use of FFA/OCT to define the stage of the disease.
- Management of diabetic retinopathy done with the use of retinal laser, vitrectomy surgery.

Age Related Macular Degeneration(ARMD):
- This is a age related disorder which generally affects after the age of 50.
- Dry and wet ARMD are the major subqroups which needs OCT/FFA for the diagnosis of disease stage.
- In management intravitreal injection, Retinal laser/ Low vision aids plays a major role to restore the vision.

Hypertensive Retinopathy:
-The occurance of symptoms of hypertensive retinopathy may affect the eye quietly or can be presented as loss of vision with sudden onset.
- With the use of FFA/OCT patient disease stage can be diagnosed and treated accordingly.

Retinal Detachment and other vitreo retinal surgeries:
Many complicated surgeries like retinal detachment, tractional retinal detachment, vitrectomy, dropped nucleus, dropped IOL and management of endophthalmitis performed to restore the vision.
Ocular trauma:-
Management of ocular trauma can be done surgically for the restoration of the normal anatomy.
Ocular tumors:-
This condition may be benign or vision/life threatening.Patient required to undergo a complete eye and systemic evaluation. The management requires a multi institutional approach. Treatment can range from simple laser treatment to complete removal of the eye ball.
Paediatric Retina:-
Premature child with low birth weight, needs retinal evaluation early in the life to rule out retinopathy of prematurity, a vision threatening condition. Childs of leucocoria (white pearl in the eye) should go immediate and complete ocular examination.
Congenital Abnormalities & Retinopathies:-
Most of the conditions are managed conservatievely. They need a thorough evaluation of the eye and need the electrophysilogical tests (VEP, ERG, EOG).
Endophthalmitis Management:-
It is a serious inflamanation into the eye. Patients may require immediate intervention which may be in the form of multiple surgeries.

Management of Vitreo-Retinal Disorders